Category Archives: Surgery

Urology and its treatment

Urology is also known as genitourinary surgery. It is that branch of science and medicine which studies the surgical and medical diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs as well. Kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, penis) are the organs which fall under the domain of urology.

The urinary and reproductive tracts are so closely linked that disorder of one can easily affect the other. Now urology includes both surgical and non-surgical conditions. Non-surgical conditions are treated without a surgery or an operation whereas some conditions which need to be treated surgically are prostate or bladder cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities and stress incontinence are some of them. Almost all the urological diseases can be treated and cured, you just need to identify the symptoms and consult a doctor.

Prescribed drugs are very important for those who are being treated medically as some people keep themselves alive on some of the prescribed pills that they take every day. There are a lot of brand-name drugs in urology. Brand-name drugs are generally sold by the pharmaceutical company which developed the trademark-protected drug. Only the patent holding company can manufacture and sell them in the original formulation.

Now comes the generic drug: the brand-name drugs go “off-patent” after a certain period of time which makes it possible for other drug companies to produce it which is known as generic drug. Generic drugs are cheaper as compared to the brand-name drugs. Because of this price difference, the list of drugs covering your health plan will encourage the use of generic drugs based on therapeutic equivalence as well as the price.

Flomax and Avodart are some of the common brand-name drugs used to treat an enlarged prostate. It is something very common among almost all men as they get older. Generic drugs for the same are: tamsulosin hydrochloride (Flomax) and dulasteride (Avodart). Avycaz is another urology medicine recently approved by the food and drug administration for the treatment of urinary-tract infections and intra-abdominal infections as well.

There are numerous such urology medicines which treat almost everything from advanced stage prostate cancer to ovulation induction for treating infertility. Find a good urologist in your area to know what medications may suit your particular health concern.

Top Facts on Preparing for Anti Reflux Surgery: Your Complete Guide

If you have GERD or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and you have tried to deal with the condition through medication or through lifestyle changes with no great result, then you may be in line for surgery. The good news is that anti reflux surgery is not all that complicated – thousands of people go through this type of surgery every single year, and their condition is vastly improved. And although there may be some risks associated with surgery, complications are quite rare, and some complications, such as difficulty swallowing, go away on their own after some time.


For those who will be undergoing anti reflux surgery, however, it is always good to be prepared for it in the best way possible. So what can you do to prepare for anti reflux surgery and what should you expect? Here are the top facts on preparing for anti reflux surgery: your complete guide.


Tests to be performed


Before you go through the procedure, some tests will be performed. These include blood tests such as a complete blood count, a liver test, and an electrolyte test. Another test you can expect would be oesophageal manometry, which will measure the pressure in your oesophagus, and there is also a test called pH monitoring, which determines the amount of stomach acid returning to the oesophagus. Other tests include an upper endoscopy test and an oesophageal X-ray.


Before the procedure


Before the procedure is performed, you may be asked by the specialist to temporarily stop taking certain medications, such as aspirin, vitamin E, ibuprofen, warfarin, and clopidogrel. Your specialist may also ask that you temporarily stop taking medication such as blood thinners (which can affect the clotting of the blood) several days or a week before the procedure. Your specialist will give you more precise instructions on which medication you can take on the scheduled day of the procedure.


You will also be asked to stop drinking or eating the night before the procedure, especially if the procedure will be done in the morning. If you are taking any medication on the morning of the procedure, you will be asked to take it only with a sip of water. Your specialist will also give you instructions regarding taking a shower before the surgery is performed – this could be on the night before the procedure or in the morning before the procedure is performed.


After the surgery


Fortunately, those who undergo laparoscopic anti reflux surgery can usually leave hospital in a day or two, as confirmed by anti reflux surgery London specialists like The London Surgical Group. For those undergoing open anti reflux surgery, however, you may only leave hospital after two to six days, depending on your overall condition. Make sure you have someone to assist you when you leave and when you come home.


Image attributed to Stuart Miles/


How to Choose the Proper Size and Shape for Your Breast Implant


When you have decided to get a boob job, you will have to decide on some important stuff to continue with the process. Basically the most important things to decide are the material breast augmentation that you want to use, also the shape and size of the breast implants.

Everyone has different needs and expectations, also different reasons why they need a breast enhancement. All these will determine whether you need a breast enlargement or simply a breast lift, what kind of shape you want and how big you want your breasts to be.

But simply picking based on your opinion of a perfect breast sometimes could lead into a disappointment. So you should also consider several important factors that will affect your look and how you feel about the “new breasts”.

Before and After Pictures

One of the easiest way to choose the perfect size and shape for your breast implants is by looking for breast implants before and after pictures of women that have similar body figures as yours. That way you don’t have to imagine what you would look like to have a “B”, “C”, or “D” cup breasts.

Try Different Sizes

During your consultation session with the surgeon, try different sizes of breast implants to see which of them will fit your body nicely. Ask your surgeon to give you implant samples of different sizes and try them on to know how they feel.

Rice Test

Breast implants are not measured by the bra size, but they are measured by the volume of the implant in cubic centimeters. What most women often don’t realize is that the implants will add some weight to their body. To simulate this added weight, you can take a rice test. You can put rice in zip lock bags until they have the same weight as the implants you want to use. Then just put them in your bra so you can feel the weight. Make sure you are comfortable with whatever size you choose.

Choosing Shape

Once you have found the perfect size, now it’s time for you to decide on the shape. There are basically two options for breast implant shape; round and teardrop. A round implant has a circular shape, it looks like a symmetrical half circle. While a teardrop implant has a more natural look with curves like a teardrop.

You need to know the amount of breast tissue you have before deciding on the shape of your breast implant, because it has a lot to do with that. In case you have more than 2 cm of breast tissue, then you can choose the round implant. That is because your naturally thick breast tissue will still give a natural shape to your breast. On the other hand, if your breast tissue is under 2 cm, then it’s recommended for you to choose the teardrop shape.

Also remember that all these options will also affect your breast augmentation cost. So make sure you shop around and compare prices before you go to a plastic surgeon to have your breast implants.

Benefits of Cosmetic Surgery



Many have been to Dubai for various reasons like shopping, tourism and desert safari yet there are people who know that no one does cosmetic surgeries better than Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Clinic. Cosmetic surgery is the answer to body shaming to boost your inner confidence and help you look perfect. It has both surgical and non-surgical procedures. They include body reshaping, skin care as well as the hair treatment. The negative effects of age, trauma, pollution, environment and bad genes can be improved to make you look awesome at Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Clinic.


There are a number of benefits of cosmetic surgery that can convince you to go for it without a second thought. Some of them are:

1. Increased Self Confidence

Remember how girls used to mock at you for having an oversized nose? Or how they used to make fun of your huge thighs? You wanted to go to some dark spot and live there forever so you don’t have to face anyone but not anymore. Now you can simply visit Dubai and regain your self-confidence and boost it by paying few visits to the Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Clinic because when you look good you naturally start feeling good about yourself and everything else.

2. Improved Physical Health

You may not believe it but it is definitely true that some kinds of cosmetic procedures can help you improve your physical health. This can be proved with the example of nose reshaping not only improves how your nose looks but also help you solve breathing problems.

3. Improved Mental Health

As discussed earlier, cosmetic surgery helps you feel more confident and attractive so you come out of your social awkwardness. This means you are freed from mental or psychological problems like the anxiety of being surrounded by overcritical people, social stress due to peer pressure and depression of not liking how one looks. This will definitely help you enjoy a better mental health.

4. More Opportunities

Research has revealed that attractive people are able to utilize more opportunities than ordinary looking people. It was found out that attractive real estate agents were able to sell more property as well as attractive looking employees enjoy more salary raises and promotions.

Final Verdict

Thus, surgery has its own perks and if you are fearful about having a cosmetic surgery done simply visit where professionals will ensure your safety.